Module: Concurrent::SettableStruct

Defined in:
lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb

Overview

An thread-safe, write-once variation of Ruby's standard Struct. Each member can have its value set at most once, either at construction or any time thereafter. Attempting to assign a value to a member that has already been set will result in a Concurrent::ImmutabilityError.

See Also:

Constant Summary

Class Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Class Method Details

+ (undocumented) new(*args, &block)

Factory for creating new struct classes.

new([class_name] [, member_name]+>) -> StructClass click to toggle source
new([class_name] [, member_name]+>) {|StructClass| block } -> StructClass
new(value, ...) -> obj
StructClass[value, ...] -> obj

The first two forms are used to create a new struct subclass class_name that can contain a value for each member_name . This subclass can be used to create instances of the structure like any other Class .

If the class_name is omitted an anonymous struct class will be created. Otherwise, the name of this struct will appear as a constant in the struct class, so it must be unique for all structs under this base class and must start with a capital letter. Assigning a struct class to a constant also gives the class the name of the constant.

If a block is given it will be evaluated in the context of StructClass, passing the created class as a parameter. This is the recommended way to customize a struct. Subclassing an anonymous struct creates an extra anonymous class that will never be used.

The last two forms create a new instance of a struct subclass. The number of value parameters must be less than or equal to the number of attributes defined for the struct. Unset parameters default to nil. Passing more parameters than number of attributes will raise an ArgumentError.



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 95

def self.new(*args, &block)
  clazz_name = nil
  if args.length == 0
    raise ArgumentError.new('wrong number of arguments (0 for 1+)')
  elsif args.length > 0 && args.first.is_a?(String)
    clazz_name = args.shift
  end
  FACTORY.define_struct(clazz_name, args, &block)
end

Instance Method Details

- (Boolean) ==(other)

Equality

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if other has the same struct subclass and has equal member values (according to Object#==)



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 50

def ==(other)
  synchronize { ns_equality(other) }
end

- (Object) [](member)

Attribute Reference

Parameters:

  • member (Symbol, String, Integer)

    the string or symbol name of the memeber for which to obtain the value or the member's index

Returns:

  • (Object)

    the value of the given struct member or the member at the given index.

Raises:

  • (NameError)

    if the member does not exist

  • (IndexError)

    if the index is out of range.



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 45

def [](member)
  synchronize { ns_get(member) }
end

- (Object) []=(member, value)

Attribute Assignment

Sets the value of the given struct member or the member at the given index.

Parameters:

  • member (Symbol, String, Integer)

    the string or symbol name of the memeber for which to obtain the value or the member's index

Returns:

  • (Object)

    the value of the given struct member or the member at the given index.

Raises:

  • (NameError)

    if the name does not exist

  • (IndexError)

    if the index is out of range.

  • (Concurrent::ImmutabilityError)

    if the given member has already been set



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 75

def []=(member, value)
  if member.is_a? Integer
    length = synchronize { @values.length }
    if member >= length
      raise IndexError.new("offset #{member} too large for struct(size:#{length})")
    end
    synchronize do
      unless @values[member].nil?
        raise Concurrent::ImmutabilityError.new('struct member has already been set')
      end
      @values[member] = value
    end
  else
    send("#{member}=", value)
  end
rescue NoMethodError
  raise NameError.new("no member '#{member}' in struct")
end

- (undocumented) each {|value| ... }

Yields the value of each struct member in order. If no block is given an enumerator is returned.

Yields:

  • the operation to be performed on each struct member

Yield Parameters:

  • value (Object)

    each struct value (in order)



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 55

def each(&block)
  return enum_for(:each) unless block_given?
  synchronize { ns_each(&block) }
end

- (undocumented) each_pair {|member, value| ... }

Yields the name and value of each struct member in order. If no block is given an enumerator is returned.

Yields:

  • the operation to be performed on each struct member/value pair

Yield Parameters:

  • member (Object)

    each struct member (in order)

  • value (Object)

    each struct value (in order)



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 61

def each_pair(&block)
  return enum_for(:each_pair) unless block_given?
  synchronize { ns_each_pair(&block) }
end

- (String) inspect Also known as: to_s

Describe the contents of this struct in a string.

Returns:

  • (String)

    the contents of this struct in a string



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 29

def inspect
  synchronize { ns_inspect }
end

- (Fixnum) length Also known as: size Originally defined in module Concurrent::Synchronization::AbstractStruct

Returns the number of struct members.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the number of struct members

- (Array) members Originally defined in module Concurrent::Synchronization::AbstractStruct

Returns the struct members as an array of symbols.

Returns:

  • (Array)

    the struct members as an array of symbols

- (Synchronization::AbstractStruct) merge(other) {|member, selfvalue, othervalue| ... }

Returns a new struct containing the contents of other and the contents of self. If no block is specified, the value for entries with duplicate keys will be that of other. Otherwise the value for each duplicate key is determined by calling the block with the key, its value in self and its value in other.

Parameters:

  • other (Hash)

    the hash from which to set the new values

Yields:

  • an options block for resolving duplicate keys

Yield Parameters:

  • member (String, Symbol)

    the name of the member which is duplicated

  • selfvalue (Object)

    the value of the member in self

  • othervalue (Object)

    the value of the member in other

Returns:

  • (Synchronization::AbstractStruct)

    a new struct with the new values

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

    of given a member that is not defined in the struct



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 35

def merge(other, &block)
  synchronize { ns_merge(other, &block) }
end

- (Array) select {|value| ... }

Yields each member value from the struct to the block and returns an Array containing the member values from the struct for which the given block returns a true value (equivalent to Enumerable#select).

Yields:

  • the operation to be performed on each struct member

Yield Parameters:

  • value (Object)

    each struct value (in order)

Returns:

  • (Array)

    an array containing each value for which the block returns true



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 67

def select(&block)
  return enum_for(:select) unless block_given?
  synchronize { ns_select(&block) }
end

- (Hash) to_h

Returns a hash containing the names and values for the struct’s members.

Returns:

  • (Hash)

    the names and values for the struct’s members



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 40

def to_h
  synchronize { ns_to_h }
end

- (Array) values Also known as: to_a

Returns the values for this struct as an Array.

Returns:

  • (Array)

    the values for this struct



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 18

def values
  synchronize { ns_values }
end

- (undocumented) values_at(*indexes)

Returns the struct member values for each selector as an Array.

A selector may be either an Integer offset or a Range of offsets (as in Array#values_at).

Parameters:

  • indexes (Fixnum, Range)

    the index(es) from which to obatin the values (in order)



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# File 'lib/concurrent/settable_struct.rb', line 24

def values_at(*indexes)
  synchronize { ns_values_at(indexes) }
end