Class: Concurrent::AtomicFixnum

Inherits:
AtomicFixnumImplementation
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb

Overview

A numeric value that can be updated atomically. Reads and writes to an atomic fixnum and thread-safe and guaranteed to succeed. Reads and writes may block briefly but no explicit locking is required.

Thread-safe Variable Classes

Each of the thread-safe variable classes is designed to solve a different problem. In general:

  • Agent: Shared, mutable variable providing independent, uncoordinated, asynchronous change of individual values. Best used when the value will undergo frequent, complex updates. Suitable when the result of an update does not need to be known immediately.
  • Atom: Shared, mutable variable providing independent, uncoordinated, synchronous change of individual values. Best used when the value will undergo frequent reads but only occasional, though complex, updates. Suitable when the result of an update must be known immediately.
  • AtomicReference: A simple object reference that can be atomically. Updates are synchronous but fast. Best used when updates a simple set operations. Not suitable when updates are complex. AtomicBoolean and AtomicFixnum are similar but optimized for the given data type.
  • Exchanger: Shared, stateless synchronization point. Used when two or more threads need to exchange data. The threads will pair then block on each other until the exchange is complete.
  • MVar: Shared synchronization point. Used when one thread must give a value to another, which must take the value. The threads will block on each other until the exchange is complete.
  • ThreadLocalVar: Shared, mutable, isolated variable which holds a different value for each thread which has access. Often used as an instance variable in objects which must maintain different state for different threads.
  • TVar: Shared, mutable variables which provide coordinated, synchronous, change of many stated. Used when multiple value must change together, in an all-or-nothing transaction. Performance:
Testing with ruby 2.1.2
Testing with Concurrent::MutexAtomicFixnum...
  3.130000   0.000000   3.130000 (  3.136505)
Testing with Concurrent::CAtomicFixnum...
  0.790000   0.000000   0.790000 (  0.785550)

Testing with jruby 1.9.3
Testing with Concurrent::MutexAtomicFixnum...
  5.460000   2.460000   7.920000 (  3.715000)
Testing with Concurrent::JavaAtomicFixnum...
  4.520000   0.030000   4.550000 (  1.187000)

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(initial = 0) ⇒ undocumented

Creates a new AtomicFixnum with the given initial value.

Parameters:

  • initial (Fixnum) (defaults to: 0)

    the initial value

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

    if the initial value is not a Fixnum



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end

Instance Method Details

#compare_and_set(expect, update) ⇒ Boolean

Atomically sets the value to the given updated value if the current value == the expected value.

Parameters:

  • expect (Fixnum)

    the expected value

  • update (Fixnum)

    the new value

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if the value was updated else false



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end

#decrement(delta) ⇒ Fixnum

Decreases the current value by the given amount (defaults to 1).

Parameters:

  • delta (Fixnum)

    the amount by which to decrease the current value

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the current value after decrementation



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end

#increment(delta) ⇒ Fixnum

Increases the current value by the given amount (defaults to 1).

Parameters:

  • delta (Fixnum)

    the amount by which to increase the current value

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the current value after incrementation



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end

#to_sString Also known as: inspect

Returns Short string representation.

Returns:

  • (String)

    Short string representation.



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 137

def to_s
  format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
end

#update {|Object| ... } ⇒ Object

Pass the current value to the given block, replacing it with the block's result. May retry if the value changes during the block's execution.

Yields:

  • (Object)

    Calculate a new value for the atomic reference using given (old) value

Yield Parameters:

  • old_value (Object)

    the starting value of the atomic reference

Returns:

  • (Object)

    the new value



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end

#valueFixnum

Retrieves the current Fixnum value.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the current value



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end

#value=(value) ⇒ Fixnum

Explicitly sets the value.

Parameters:

  • value (Fixnum)

    the new value to be set

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the current value

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

    if the new value is not a Fixnum



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# File 'lib/concurrent/atomic/atomic_fixnum.rb', line 135

class AtomicFixnum < AtomicFixnumImplementation
  # @return [String] Short string representation.
  def to_s
    format '%s value:%s>', super[0..-2], value
  end

  alias_method :inspect, :to_s
end